Admiralty and Maritime Law
Students of Maritime or Admiralty Law engage with the vast body of laws governing maritime activities, including relations between private entities that operate vessels on the oceans.
Maritime Law addresses the body of laws, conventions and treaties that govern international private business and other matters involving ships, shipping or crimes occurring on the open water.
Laws between nations governing such things as national vs. international waters are considered public international law and are known as the Law of the Seas.
In most developed nations, maritime law is governed by a different set of codes and jurisdictions than national laws. The United Nations, through the International Maritime Organization (IMO), has issued numerous conventions that can be enforced by the navies and coast guards of countries that have signed the treaty outlining these rules. Maritime law governs many of the insurance claims relating to ships and cargo, civil matters between shipowners, seamen and passengers, and piracy.
Additionally, maritime law regulates the registration, license, and inspection procedures for ships and shipping contracts, maritime insurance and the carriage of goods and passengers.